फलकम्:Infobox U.S. state symbols संयुक्त राज्‍य अमेरिका देशस्‍य प्रदेश: अस्‍ति।

Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Flag of Massachusetts State seal of Massachusetts
Flag Seal
Nickname(s): The Bay State,[१] The Old Colony State,[२] The Codfish State[३]
Motto(s): Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (Latin)
By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty
State anthem: All Hail to Massachusetts
Map of the United States with Massachusetts highlighted
Map of the United States with Massachusetts highlighted
Official language(s) English[४]
Demonym Bay Stater (official)[५] Massachusite (traditional)[६][७] Massachusettsian (archaic)[८]
(and largest city)
Largest metro area Greater Boston
Area  Ranked 44th in the U.S.
 - Total 10,555 sq mi
(27,336 km2)
 - Width 183 miles (295 km)
 - Length 113 miles (182 km)
 - % water 25.7
 - Latitude 41° 14′ N to 42° 53′ N
 - Longitude 69° 56′ W to 73° 30′ W
Population  Ranked 14th in the U.S.
 - Total 6,692,824 (2013 est)
Density 840/sq mi  (324/km2)
Ranked 3rd in the U.S.
 - Median income  $65,401 (2008) (6th)
 - Highest point Mount Greylock[९][१०][११]
3,489 ft  (1063.4 m)
 - Mean 500 ft  (150 m)
 - Lowest point Atlantic Ocean[१०]
0 ft  (0 m)
Admission to Union  February 6, 1788 (6th)
Governor Deval Patrick (D)
Lieutenant Governor Vacant
Legislature General Court
 - Upper house Senate
 - Lower house House of Representatives
U.S. Senators Elizabeth Warren (D)
Ed Markey (D)
U.S. House delegation 9 Democrats (list)
Time zone Eastern: UTC -5/-4
Abbreviations MA Mass. US-MA
Website www.mass.gov


  1. "Introduction to Massachusetts". 50 States. Net state. आह्रियत November 3, 2012. 
  2. "Massachusetts (state, United States)". Encyclopædia Britannica (online ed.). 
  3. "A Colorful Battle Is Lodge vs. Curley". The Milwaukee Journal. October 18, 1936. Archived from the original on December 8, 2013. आह्रियत November 3, 2012. "One of the Codfish State..." 
  4. Schwarz, Hunter (August 12, 2014). "States where English is the official language". The Washington Post. आह्रियत December 29, 2014. 
  5. "Massachusetts General Laws, Chapter 2, Section 35: Designation of citizens of commonwealth". The Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Archived from the original on November 23, 2008. आह्रियत February 29, 2008. 
  6. Collections. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society. 1877. p. 435. 
  7. Jones, Thomas (1879). DeLancey, Edward Floyd, ed. History of New York During the Revolutionary War. New York: New York Historical Society. p. 465. 
  8. wiktionary:Massachusettsian.
  9. फलकम्:Cite ngs
  10. १०.० १०.१ "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on October 15, 2011. आह्रियत October 21, 2011. 
  11. Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.


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